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J. Electrochem. Sci. Technol > Volume 1(1); 2010 > Article
Journal of Electrochemical Science and Technology 2010;1(1):19-24.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5229/JECST.2010.1.1.019   
High Alloying Degree of Carbon Supported Pt-Ru Alloy Nanoparticles Applying Anhydrous Ethanol as a Solvent
Kwang-Hyun Choi, Kug-Seung Lee, Tae-Yeol Jeon, Hee-Young Park, Nam-Gee Jung, Young-Hoon Chung, Yung-Eun Sung
World Class University (WCU) program of Chemical Convergence for Energy & Environment (C2E2), School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, College of Engineering and Research Center for Energy Conversion & Storage, Seoul National University (SNU);World Class University (WCU) program of Chemical Convergence for Energy & Environment (C2E2), School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, College of Engineering and Research Center for Energy Conversion & Storage, Seoul National University (SNU);World Class University (WCU) program of Chemical Convergence for Energy & Environment (C2E2), School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, College of Engineering and Research Center for Energy Conversion & Storage, Seoul National University (SNU);World Class University (WCU) program of Chemical Convergence for Energy & Environment (C2E2), School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, College of Engineering and Research Center for Energy Conversion & Storage, Seoul National University (SNU);World Class University (WCU) program of Chemical Convergence for Energy & Environment (C2E2), School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, College of Engineering and Research Center for Energy Conversion & Storage, Seoul National University (SNU);World Class University (WCU) program of Chemical Convergence for Energy & Environment (C2E2), School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, College of Engineering and Research Center for Energy Conversion & Storage, Seoul National University (SNU);World Class University (WCU) program of Chemical Convergence for Energy & Environment (C2E2), School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, College of Engineering and Research Center for Energy Conversion & Storage, Seoul National University (SNU);
Abstract
Alloying degree is an important structural factor of PtRu catalysts for direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC). In this work, carbon supported PtRu catalysts were synthesized by reduction method using anhydrous ethanol as a solvent and $NaBH_4$ as a reducing agent. Using anhydrous ethanol as a solvent resulted in high alloying degree and good dispersion. The morphological structure and crystallanity of synthesized catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution transmission electron microscope (HR-TEM). CO stripping and methanol oxidation reaction were measured. Due to high alloying degree catalyst prepared in anhydrous ethanol, exhibited low onset potential for methanol oxidation and negative peak shift of CO oxidation than commercial sample. Consequently, samples, applying ethanol as a solvent, exhibited not only enhanced CO oxidation, but also increased methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) activity compared with commercial PtRu/C (40 wt%, E-tek) and 40 wt% PtRu/C prepared in water solution.
Key Words: Direct methanol fuel cell, Platinum, Ruthenium, Ethanol, Alloying degree
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